A child or young person has Special Educational Needs (SEN) if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for extra help to be provided to them.
A child of compulsory school age has a learning difficulty or disability if they:
- have significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age
- have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or mainstream post-16 institutions
Children are not considered to have SEN just because their first language is not English.
A child under compulsory school age has SEN:
- if they are likely to come under the definitions above when they reach compulsory school age or
- would do so if special educational provision was not made for them
Between 1 October 2018 and 5 October 2018, Ofsted and the Care Quality Commission (CQC), conducted a joint inspection of the local area of Southend-on-Sea to judge the effectiveness of the area in implementing the disability and special educational needs reforms as set out in the Children and Families Act 2014.
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